There are a lot of "ifs" involved. The very first thing you should do is buy a manual that explains the process step by step. A thorough primer (haha) is a must. I personally think the best instructions will be found in a Speer/RCBS manual. You should have a few manuals probably, for the cost of a new one you should be able to get at least a few used ones. Lyman makes a good one as well. You must be sure to never violate the safety measures/rules these manuals spell out, they are as important to follow as the 10 commandments of shooting safety.
There is a world of difference between loading say, 9mm or .40, and loading the 30-06. The first 2 can easily go to 1000 rounds at a time, while the latter we often load 10-20 at a time. Sometimes I load 5 rifle cartridges at a time, when either I need a few rounds of a load I really like, or I am trying something out for the first time. The handgun calibers you list could easily turn into a progressive press system, if you shoot them a lot. It is worth having and very cost effective.
But the typical rifle set up does not require anything more than a single stage press, in fact I'd say its the only way to go. A tough choice to make. I'd start with a single stage press, and if you like it, then a bit later consider the progressive.
It is easy to get going, and the ammo you turn out will be better stuff than the premium ammo on the store shelves that costs a lot of money, and you'll do it a lot cheaper too. The exactness possible will open your eyes. For example when I shoot an AR with factory NATO ammo, the spent shells that eject land in an area several feet in width. But if I fire ammo I made myself, say some hunting rounds that I have hand weighed/measured each charge of powder individually, the spent shells land in almost the same exact spot, and can usually be all recovered from an area that is a foot or so in diameter. The same sort of exact precision, in the form of accuracy, will happen downrange on the targets you fire at. The tightening up of your groups will amaze you.
Nobody reloads .22 rimfire ammo. Tooling up and making .22 rimfire is actually a lot more complicated than any centerfire ammo is, because the bullet and the unfired shell casing it sits in must both be the same diameter with the finished product.